2023-12-11 – https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-67654008?at_medium=RSS&at_campaign=KARANGA

Raw: [Diseases like dengue fever could be common if little is done to tackle climate change, report warns.] BBC HomepageSkip to contentAccessibility HelpYour accountHomeNewsSportEarthReelWorklifeTravelMore menuMore menuSearch BBCHomeNewsSportEarthReelWorklifeTravelCultureFutureMusicTVWeatherSoundsClose menuBBC NewsMenuHomeIsrael-Gaza warWar in UkraineClimateVideoWorldUS & CanadaUKBusinessTechMoreScienceEntertainment & ArtsHealthIn PicturesBBC VerifyWorld News TVNewsbeatHealthMosquito-borne disease risk looms for UK – studyPublished3 hours agoShareclose panelShare pageCopy linkAbout sharingRelated TopicsClimateImage source, Getty ImagesBy Smitha MundasadHealth reporter Some parts of the UK could become home to mosquitoes capable of spreading dengue fever, chikungunya and zika virus by the 2040s and 2050s, health officials warn.The UK Health Security Agency's report is based on a worst-case scenario, which would see high emissions and temperatures rising by 4C by 2100.It says other impacts include a rise in heat-related deaths and flooding.But many potential problems are still avoidable with swift action, it says.Steep cuts to greenhouse gas emissions could avert some of the worst consequences, it adds.The report, involving 90 experts, pulls together the “substantial and growing” evidence of the current effects of climate change on our health.It also makes projections based on what it says is a “plausible worst-case scenario” that could happen if international commitments to tackle climate change are not properly kept.Current United Nations Environment Programme estimates suggest the world is on track for about a 2.7C warming by 2100, based on current pledges, although the exact numbers are uncertain.Prof Nigel Arnell, professor of climate change at the University of Reading, says: “Whilst we clearly hope temperatures won't get that far, it is prudent to prepare for the worst case when planning health resources, if the consequences of us underestimating the risk are so significant.”Mosquito-borne diseases risk increasing in EuropeHow scientists are fighting climate-fuelled diseaseFive climate change solutions under the spotlight at COP28One major health concern is the UK becoming more suitable for invasive species such as the Asian tiger mosquito, also known as Aedes albopictus.While the mosquito only carries harmful viruses after biting infected people, London could see regular cases of dengue fever by 2060, the report says.The virus is most commonly seen in tropical regions and can make people seriously ill. England would be the first country in the UK to be affected, with Wales, Northern Ireland and parts of the Scottish Lowlands also becoming suitable habitats later in the century.The mosquitoes have already been responsible for cases of dengue in France and chikungunya virus in Italy in recent years. Image source, Getty ImagesThe UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) already has a surveillance system in place to rapidly spot invasive mosquitoes, including a network of traps placed at UK borders that detect mosquito eggs. This would need to be expanded in the worst-case scenario, says Dr Jolyon Medlock, from the UKHSA..If the insects go on to establish a home in the UK, people would also need to consider how to store water safely, as it is a common breeding ground for mosquitoes.This would mean making sure buckets are not collecting stagnant water in gardens, paddling pools being covered and any potential rain-collecting vessels being upturned, he added. Slower and reduced warming is likely to delay these risks by decades or beyond this century – but once these mosquitoes have arrived, their establishment is largely irreversible, the report says. Under the high-warming scenario and without action, it says there could be:up to 10,000 excess deaths a year due to extreme heat by the 2050ssubstantial number of deaths related to the cold, particularly for an ageing populationeffects on the price and supply of fruit and vegetables due to extreme weather events in countries the UK relies on for importschanging rainfall patterns increasing the risk of floodingbig impacts on mental health and wellbeing of young people in particularExperts also warn the impact of climate change will be unequal, with the worst effects felt by vulnerable people, including older people, those with medical conditions or living in deprived areas and children. Some risks, such as drought and wildfires, will likely emerge earliest in the southern regions of the UK. Image source, Getty ImagesUKHSA says targeted interventions and adaptations are key and many of the risks can be averted.It says actions that may help include:national heat and cold alert systems like UKHSA ones already in placeincreasing green spaces appropriately and improving flood defencesputting protection in place for the most vulnerable, for example – improving energy efficiency in care homesRelated TopicsFloodsHealthClimateMore on this storyMosquito-borne diseases risk increasing in EuropePublished22 JuneHow scientists are fighting climate-fuelled diseasePublished3 DecemberRelated Internet LinksUK Health Security AgencyThe BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.Top StoriesNew leader tells Argentina 'shock treatment' loomsPublished2 hours ago'Betrayed' Afghan troops face return to TalibanPublished4 hours agoGaza ceasefire chances shrinking, Qatar saysPublished10 hours agoFeaturesThe billion dollar question at heart of Trump trialMāori hit hardest by New Zealand smoking U-turnHow chocolate became the winter beverage of choiceFrom Russia with love: Inside Wagner's African 'success story'How $700m 'Shotime' became Japan's biggest baseball exportWhen 600 US planes crashed in Himalayas in audacious WW2 missionNo more 'Candy girls': The powerful women breaking K-drama barriersPopcorn moment for Poles as pro-EU Tusk returns to powerHow Tate McRae went from 'sad girl' to 'badass'Elsewhere on the BBCWhy US 'YOLO' spending baffles economistsKarakalpakstan: The 'stan' you've never heard ofHow a 1574 portrait was made 'Insta-fabulous'Most Read1New leader tells Argentina 'shock treatment' looms2The billion dollar question at heart of Trump trial3Colossal sea monster unearthed from Dorset cliffs4'Betrayed' Afghan troops face return to Taliban5Video of Gaza detainees allegedly 'surrendering guns' – what we know6McDonald's security guard soaks man's sleeping bag7Smile Direct Club dentistry firm shuts down8Chinese garlic is a security risk, says US senator9Māori hit hardest by New Zealand smoking U-turn10Gaza ceasefire chances shrinking, Qatar saysBBC News ServicesOn your mobileOn smart speakersGet news alertsContact BBC NewsHomeNewsSportEarthReelWorklifeTravelCultureFutureMusicTVWeatherSoundsTerms of UseAbout the BBCPrivacy PolicyCookiesAccessibility HelpParental GuidanceContact the BBCGet Personalised NewslettersWhy you can trust the BBCAdvertise with us© 2023 BBC. 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